Indian Calendar 2019: Indian & Govt. Holidays & Festivals

India or Bharat, the country is full of diversity, unity as well as festivals. There are multiple religions, regions, cultures and celebrations. Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus, Jains, Buddhists or Christians have their own special days and these altogether form Indian calendar 2019. Also, government holidays or gazetted holidays are included in this calendar.

Indian Calendar / Shalivahana Shaka Calendar 2019

January 2019 Festivals
1 Jan, Tuesday New Year
14 Jan, Monday Lohri
15 Jan, Tuesday Pongal, Uttarayan, Makar Sankranti
23 Jan, Wednesday Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti
26 Jan, Saturday Republic Day
February 2019 Festivals
10 Feb, Sunday Basant Panchami, Saraswati Puja
March 2019 Festivals
4 Mar, Monday Mahashivratri
20 Mar, Wednesday Holika Dahan
21 Mar, Thursday Holi
April 2019 Festivals
1 Apr, Monday Bank's Holiday
6 Apr, Saturday Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa
7 Apr, Sunday Cheti Chand
13 Apr, Saturday Ram Navami
14 Apr, Sunday Chaitra Navratri Parana, Baisakhi, Ambedkar Jayanti
19 Apr, Friday Hanuman Jayanti
May 2019 Festivals
7 May, Tuesday Akshaya Tritiya
July 2019 Festivals
4 Jul, Thursday Jagannath Rath Yatra
12 Jul, Friday Ashadhi Ekadashi
16 Jul, Tuesday Guru Purnima
August 2019 Festivals
3 Aug, Saturday Hariyali Teej
5 Aug, Monday Nag Panchami
15 Aug, Thursday Raksha Bandhan, Independence Day
18 Aug, Sunday Kajari Teej
24 Aug, Saturday Janmashtami
September 2019 Festivals
1 Sept, Sunday Hartalika Teej
2 Sept, Monday Ganesh Chaturthi
11 Sept, Wednesday Onam/Thiruvonam
12 Sept, Thursday Anant Chaturdashi
29 Sept, Sunday Sharad Navratri
October 2019 Festivals
2 Oct, Wednesday Gandhi Jayanti
6 Oct, Sunday Durga Maha Navami Puja, Durga Puja Ashtami
7 Oct, Monday Sharad Navratri Parana
8 Oct, Tuesday Dussehra
17 Oct, Thursday Karva Chauth
25 Oct, Friday Dhanteras
27 Oct, Sunday Diwali, Narak Chaturdashi
28 Oct, Monday Govardhan Puja
29 Oct, Tuesday Bhai Dooj
November 2019 Festivals
14 Nov, Thursday Children's Day
December 2019 Festivals
25 Dec, Wednesday Merry Christmas

Indian Calendar - its origin

During the 1957 CE Calendar Reform, a National calendar of India was made keeping in mind the leap year of the Gregorian calendar. Constant efforts have been made to maintain a balance between national or religious calendar and universally accepted calendar in order to minimize the confusion on every ground since then. However, there still exist certain variations. While administrative decisions are made using Gregorian calendars, keeping Indian festivals a priority is a requirement, as holidays are decided on its basis. Panchang is crucial not only for finding muhurat or marriages but also for determining the dates of important festivals. National calendar brings both together and tries to make a balance.

Read in Detail about Different types of Calendar: Calendar 2019

Structure of Indian Calendar

The name of months in Indian calendar are: Chaitra, Vaishakha, Jyeshtha, Ashadha, Shravana, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartika, Agrahayana, Pausha, Magha and Phalguna. It is a lunisolar calendar with 12 months, 365 days and leap year too. The era of this calendar is Saka and it is structured with the Tropical or Sayana year instead of Sidereal or Nirayana year. Two elements of national calendar i.e. solar and lunar calendar can be explained as:

The main element for predictions in Vedic astrology is Moon. Be it the calculation of a muhurat or impact of any transit, it is not only the position of one single planet or other elements of sky, but moon being closest to earth is of immense significance. Lunar calendar does not work by the visibility rule of moon, rather a precise calculation of tithi and kaal is taken into consideration. However, the role of Sun can’t be neglected either. In determining the day and night, the position of Sun and Moon are the decisive factors, and to make a prediction of important events, nothing can be better than a lunisolar calendar which uses the position of Sun and Moon both in the planetary system to determine the tithi, day or time. A solar calendar, like the Gregorian calendar, is accepted worldwide because of its ease of use. A calendar like that, when merged with the positions of Moon, would make it even better. The month in Hindu calendar starts at around 14th or 15th of every Gregorian month.