The festival of Teej is celebrated to memorialize the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. On this day, women observe fast. Married women observe fast for the longer life of their husbands. And, unmarried women observe vow to get a husband like Lord Shiva. This day is mainly celebrated in western and northern parts of India. To know more, read on...
It is an age old saying that ‘Marriages are made in heaven but solemnised on earth’. Even now, the same concept is being followed in our country. So, to make this bond of marriage eternal, the festival of Teej is celebrated. If you want to invoke the blessings of Almighty for your married life, there’s no more need to worry. MyKundali brings you everything you need to know about Teej.
Teej is also known as Tay, Baya and Teeyan. Teej is celebrated by different names in different parts of the country. These are: Hariyali Teej, Akha Teej, Hartalika Teej, and Kajari Teej. The names of Teej vary from region to region.
Before moving ahead to celebrate the Teej festival, let us first know the important dates for Teej in 2018.
Below mentioned are the dates for Teej in 2018:
|Akha Teej 2018 (Akshay Tritiya 2018)||Wednesday||April 18|
|Hariyali Teej 2018||Monday||August 13|
|Kajari Teej 2018||Wednesday||August 29|
|Hartalika Teej 2018||Wednesday||September 12|
Hopefully, the dates of Teej in 2018 will be helpful for you in considering the festival with a meticulous approach.
Teej means ‘third’. Now, we will be taking a look at the four major types of Teej and what the word ‘Teej’ signifies.
Let’s have a detailed view of Teej festival.
Festival of Akha Teej is also called Akshaya Tritiya. It is considered as an auspicious day for Hindus. Akha Teej or Akshaya Tritiya is observed on the third day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) of Hindu month Vaishakha. The meaning of the word ‘Akshaya’ means ‘that never diminishes’ and the word ‘Tritiya’ means ‘the third day’. Usually, Parashurama Jayanti is also celebrated on the same day of Akshaya Tritiya. It is also believed that Lord Vishnu incarnated as Lord Parashurama on the day of Akshaya Tritiya. Special Pujas (worship) are performed on this day by the merchandise community. On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, Lord Ganesha , Devi Lakshmi and Lord of wealth (Kuber) is worshiped.
Benefits of Akha Teej : :
These are some of the benefits of Akha Teej. Let’s take a look at another Teej festival, which is popularly known as Hariyali Teej.
Another important Teej is Hariyali Teej. As per Hindu calendar, Hariyali Teej is celebrated on the third day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in Sravana month. Hariyali Teej is also known as Singhara Teej. Hariyali means greenery, as it is believed that in this month, the earth gets draped in greenery after the season of summer.
The rituals of Hariyali Teej are extremely significant for newly married females. Females visit their homes and are gifted with Shringar items like Bindi (forehead mark), Sindoor (vermilion), Mehendi (henna), Bangles, etc. along with that the girl and her mother-in-law is gifted jewelry and clothes by her parents.
On Hariyali Teej, the married women worship Goddess Parvati. Special dance, fairs, swings, and folk songs are performed on the day of Hariyali Teej.
Some of the places where Hariyali Teej is celebrated on a large scale are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and northern part of India.
Kajari Teej is also known as Kajli Teej. Kajari Teej is celebrated on the third day of Krishna Paksha (dark half) of Hindu month, Bhadrapada.
Kajli Teej celebrations last for two days and sometimes continue upto the birthday of Lord Krishna i.e.festival of Janmashtami .
Goddess Uma (form of Goddess Parvati) is worshiped on the day of Kajari Teej. On the occasion of Kajari Teej, females observe a fast (Teej Vrat) to please Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. By observing Kajari Teej Vrat, females pray for their husband's’ long life and wellness. This dressing up, Shingar (Bindi, Sindoor, Mehndi, Bangles, etc..) is a sign of love and respect for her husband or fiance.
Hartalika Teej is also amongst the four important Teej festivals. As per the Hindu calendar, Hartalika Teej is celebrated on third day of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month Bhadrapada.
Though the rituals of Hartalika Teej are same as other Teej Vrat. But, some of the differences are as follows:
These are some of common rituals that are performed while observing Hartalika Teej. Let’s see what is the benefit of observing Hartalika Teej.
It is believed that those who observe the fast of Hartalika Teej, Lord Shiva fulfills all the desires of those devotees.
The states in which Hartalika Teej is celebrated on a large scale are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.
We have highlighted the significance of the word ‘Teej’ in an elaborated form. Let’s discuss.
While Akha Teej is observed on the third day of Shukla Paksha of Hindu month Vaishakh, Hariyali Teej takes place on third day during Shukla Paksha of Shravan Maas; Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej are observed on the third day of Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha, respectively during Bhadrapada Maas. Since, all the Teej festivals occur on the third day of their respective months, hence its name.
Now that you know about all four Teej festivals, let’s find out what is the real story behind celebrating Teej.
The legend of Teej festival is related to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It is believed that Goddess Parvati admired Lord Shiva and wanted to marry Him. Hence, Goddess Parvati prayed to Lord Shiva with full devotion and dedication, for a period of 108 years. Post which, She was accepted by Lord Shiva as his wife. Since then, the festival of Teej is dedicated to Goddess Parvati, who is also known as ‘Teej Mata’. The divine reunion of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva for a blissful marriage remains to be the prime reason for celebrating Teej.
Now, as you know why the festival of Teej is celebrated, let’s find out what is the significance of the festival for married females in India.
Teej is one of the most popular festivals among the married women. This festival during the Shravan Maas (month) is considered extremely important for females. The festival of Teej signifies the devotion of a woman toward her husband. It is believed that through severe dedication, a woman can attain the eternal blessings of Almighty.
So, on this Teej, don’t forget to please Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, for attaining the man of your dreams.
Just like any other festival, the Teej festival has some important rituals. Some of the important rituals that are to be followed during the Teej festival are as follows:
During the festival of Teej, special folk dances are performed and Teej songs are sung. These are some of the important rituals that are followed during the Teej festival. So, this Teej, don’t forget to follow these rituals.
During the Teej festival, there is no part of the country which is left behind. The celebration of the Teej festival can be seen in the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh., Haryana, and Punjab. Not only in India, but also outside, the festival of Teej is celebrated with a lot of joy, enthusiasm, and vibrancy.
During the festival of Teej, special fares are also conducted. Women across the country dress up in different vibrant colored sarees, suits, and Lehengas (traditional attire for women).
Let’s have a look at how women all around the country celebrates the Teej festival.
Teej Festival In Rajasthan
The festival of Teej in Rajasthan is a two day celebration. During this time, special processions of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are taken out to the streets. The idols of Lord Shiva and Parvati are named as Gangaur and Teej, respectively. Another name given to the festival of Teej is ‘Gangaur’. Special sweets, especially Ghewar (oriental dish of Rajasthan), are prepared and offered to the deities. Special Teej songs and dances are organised along with swings.
Teej festival in 2018 will again be celebrated with the same devotion towards Teej Mata and Lord Shiva.
Teej Festival In Andhra Pradesh
The festival of Teej in Andhra Pradesh is celebrated by the nomad (Banjara) community. Teej Festival is also known as ‘Gowri Habba’. The festivity of Teej is witnessed for a week. On the first day, all the unmarried nomad tribe females put wheat in the bamboo basket. On the last day, after sowing the wheat, the bamboo basket is taken for procession and immersed in any water body (pond, river, sea).
Teej Festival In Haryana
The festival of Teej is extremely popular with females in the regions of Haryana. This festival is known and celebrated as Hariyali Teej. On this occasion, all the girls of the house are gifted with new clothes by the members of the family. During the evening, females offer their prayers to Goddess Parvati after listening to Hariyali Teej Vrat Katha. The evening is followed by dance and Teej songs.
Teej Festival In Punjab
Teeyan or Teej is celebrated with lot of enthusiasm by the women of Punjab. Women perform their traditional dance ‘Giddha’ signifying a blissful and happy conjugal life. During the festival of Teej, Punjab is draped in vibrant colors of fun and joy.
Teej Festival In Nepal
The festival of Teej in Nepal is observed in full enthusiasm and joy. Nepali Teej is very popular. The occasion is celebrated for three days by the females of Nepal. Women observe a Nirjala Vrat. But, this forbearance of females does not hold their spirit.
On this day, all the females gather at a place in small groups and sing Nepali Teej songs, also known as Teej Geet. Special dance is also performed by the groups.
Teej is one such festival, which strengthens the bond of marriage and relationship. It is a day to remember the Almighty and offer your prayers with full devotion. During Teej, a woman’s devotion to her husband is clearly stated, as she observes a strict day of dedication for her husband’s well being and long life.
Teej is observed in the month of Sawan, when rains are a sign of relief from the scorching heat of summers. Along with this, blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are received by all of us.
So, enjoy the festival of Teej during the month of Sawan and get all your wishes granted by the Lords.
We hope that this article on Teej will help you in celebrating Teej in 2018. So, follow all the rituals of Teej and enjoy a good, loving, and blessed married life. Celebrate this Teej by sharing Teej songs and Teej SMS with your loved ones.
MyKundali wishes you a Happy Teej..!